Election Systems & Software

ES&S Express Vote

Make / Model: ES&S ExpressVote HW1.0
Equipment Type: Optical Scan


The ExpressVote is a universal vote capture device with an independent voter-verifiable paper record that is digitally scanned for tabulation by the DS200 or the DS850. This system combines paper-based voting with touch screen technology. The ExpressVote includes a mandatory vote summary screen that requires voters to confirm or revise selections prior to printing the summary of ballot selections using the internal thermal printer. Once printed, ES&S ballot scanners process the vote summary card. The ExpressVote can serve all voters, including those with special needs, allowing voters to cast ballots autonomously. ES&S has fully integrated the ExpressVote with the existing suite of ES&S voting system products. The ExpressVote capture device was certified to the 2005 Voluntary Voting Systems Guidelines by the Election Assistance Commission on July 2, 2014 as part of the ES&S EVS voting system. The ExpressVote includes a touchscreen display, an audio-tactile interface, and an integrated card reader and printer. The audio-tactile interface includes three assistive technologies – two position switches and a keypad. The ExpressVote system was designed to accommodate voters in the general voting population, including voters with cognitive, dexterity, auditory and visual impairments.

Voting Process

The ExpressVote is an electronic vote capture device designed for use by all electors. It features a touchscreen display and integrated thermal printer. Voters insert a blank paper activation card in the machine. This is the ballot. Voters have several options to make candidate selections. They may touch the screen or use the moveable keypad provided. The display includes various colors and effects to guide the voter. The voter may adjust the display contrast and text size in order to read the screen. Each key on the pad has both Braille and printed text labels designed to indicate function and a related shape to help the voter determine its use. Alternatively, voters may also use headphones to hear a recorded list of the instructions and candidates for each contest and then make selections by touching the screen, touching the keypad, touching a two-position switch, or through a sip/puff device. The voter may adjust the volume and tempo of the audio. The ExpressVote stores the choices in its internal memory. It can be programmed in multiple languages.

The machine provides a summary report for the voter to review his or her choices before the ballot is printed. Only the voter’s choices are printed on the ballot. The phrase “No Selection” appears under any contest in which the elector did not vote. Overvotes and crossover votes cannot occur on this equipment and a voter is warned about undervotes prior to the completion of voting.

Once the ballot has been marked and is provided to the voter, the ExpressVote clears its internal memory and the paper ballot is the only lasting record of the voting selections made. The voter may visually confirm his or her selections, or the ballot may be re-inserted into the machine and the voter selections summary report will provide an audio summary for voters with visual impairments. The voter proceeds to enter the ballot into the DS200 or a secured ballot box to be hand tabulated by election inspectors after the polls have closed. Ballots marked using the ExpressVote also may be tabulated using the DS850.


A video demonstration prepared for the November 2014 election in Fairfax County VA:

Another video from Fairfax County VA:

Manufacturer Profile

Election Systems and Software (ES&S)

11208 John Galt Blvd
Omaha, NE 68137


Election Systems & Software was founded in 1979 as American Information Systems Inc. (AIS), it merged with Business Records Corp. the following year and changed its name to ES&S. It is now a subsidiary of McCarthy Group, LLC, and McCarthy Capital. As of 2007 it was the largest manufacturer of voting machines in the United States, claiming customers in 1,700 localities. As of 2007 it had approximately 350 employees; 2005 revenues were $117 million. ES&S announced its purchase of AutoMARK Technical Systems on January 28, 2008.


ES&S ExpressVote Operators Guide, Election Systems and Software, 2014
ES&S EVS 5,2,0,0 Test Report, Election Assistance Commission, 2014
Idaho ExpressVote Procedures, Idaho Secretary of State, 2014
EVS 5200 Certification Report, Maryland State Board of Elections, 2014

ES&S EVS & Memorandum, Wisconsin Government Accountability Board, 2014
ExpressVote Usability Report, Clemson University and Election Systems and Software, 2014
EVS 5200 ExpressVote Election Day Checklist, Fairfax County Virginia, 2014